Psychodynamic theories of personality

A person is given numeric score to indicate how much of a trait the they possess. Oedipal fixation leads to an aggressive, competitive personality orientation. Dozens of studies have shown that mental images of our parents, and other significant figures, really do shape our expectations for later friendships and romantic relationships.

For example, the notion that we express strong sexual feelings from a very early age, as the psychosexual stage model suggests, has not held up to empirical scrutiny. Jung's concepts of the collective unconscious and the archetypes led him to explore religion in the East and West, myths, alchemy, and later flying saucers.

They theorized that intense, hard-driving Type A personalities had a higher risk of coronary disease because they are "stress junkies. This method is useful in studying emotional experience given that the scenarios used can influence specific emotions.

The evidence they gave to support this conclusion included: Psychic Causality Our every thought and behavior —even something as seemingly random as which seat you choose on the bus —results from biological or psychological influences.

Psychodynamic theories of personality examples of approaches to cognitive style are listed by Baron When the superego is strongest, moral prohibitions reign supreme, and a restrained, overcontrolled personality ensues.

The Rorschach Test involves showing an individual a series of note cards with ambiguous ink blots on them. The unconscious contains thoughts, feelings, desires, and memories of which people have no awareness but that influence every aspect of their day-to-day lives. Skinner put forward a "three term contingency model" which helped promote analysis of behavior based on the "Stimulus - Response - Consequence Model" in which the critical question is: Our behavior and feelings as adults including psychological problems are rooted in our childhood experiences: Studies suggest that alcoholism is an inherited disease, but if a subject with a strong biological background of alcoholism in their family tree is never exposed to alcohol, they will not be so inclined regardless of their genome.

Personality psychology

Those are also influenced by the environment and behaviors they are surrounded by. The Psychosexual Stage Model Freud remained devoted to the topographic model, but by he had outlined the key elements of his psychosexual stage modelwhich argued that early in life we progress through a sequence of developmental stages, each with its own unique challenge and its own mode of sexual gratification.

Theories of Personality

Danmo, CC0 Public Domain, https: The study found that this could be used as a basis "to make psychodynamic psychotherapy an "empirically validated" treatment. Dollard and Miller used the example of food, stating that the primary drive of hunger manifested itself behind the learned secondary drive of an appetite for a specific type of food, which was dependent on the culture of the individual.

The unconscious mind comprises mental processes that are inaccessible to consciousness but that influence judgments, feelings, or behavior Wilson, According to trait theories, introversion and extroversion are part of a continuous dimension with many people in the middle.

Age differences create more variables even within a family, so the best comparisons are found using twins. Someone high in neuroticism on the other hand will be much more unstable, and prone to overreacting to stimuli and may be quick to worry, anger or fear.

Being able to understand inner experiences assists in understanding how humans behave, act, and respond. The psychodynamic therapist would usually be treating the patient for depression or anxiety related disorders.

This journal was primarily focused on viewing individuals as a whole, rather than focusing solely on separate traits and processes within the individual. Cultural or social norms would seem to offer a better explanation of prejudice and conflict than personality variables.

Critics of this traditional view have observed that the types can be quite strongly stereotyped by professions although neither Myers nor Keirsey engaged in such stereotyping in their type descriptions[18] and thus may arise more from the need to categorize people for purposes of guiding their career choice.

Responses unique to an individual are theoretically meant to indicate underlying thoughts, processes, and potentially conflicts present within the individual. Later, they are asked to articulate their thoughts as they occur in reaction to the playing scenario.

Psychodynamic Theories of Personality

Personality and experimental psychology. Philosophical assumptions[ edit ] Many of the ideas developed by historical and modern personality theorists stem from the basic philosophical assumptions they hold. The results are then gathered and quantified to conclude if specific experiences have any common factors.Personality Psychology.

The personality of a human being is made up the characteristic outlines of thoughts, feelings and behaviors that make each of us unique.

Psychosexual Stages

The psychodynamic theories of personality are mainly composed of famous theorists such as Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson and Alfred Adler. The Object Relations Theory also belongs to this group of personality theories. Let's see how each theory explains the nature and process of personality. Psychodynamic theories of personality are heavily influenced by the work of Sigmund Freud and emphasize the influence of the unconscious mind and childhood experiences on personality.

Psychodynamic theories include Sigmund Freud's psychosexual stage theory and Erik Erikson's stages of psychosocial development.


Collectively, these theories are known as psychodynamictheories. Although many different psychodynamic theories exist, they all emphasize unconscious motives and desires, as well as the importance of childhood experiences in shaping personality. Psychodynamic therapy is a form of therapy with a focus on a holistic perspective of the client.

Theories of Personality

It aims to explore the client’s needs, urges, and desires. Psychodynamic psychotherapy is a form of depth psychology, the primary focus of which is to reveal the unconscious content of a client's psyche in an effort to alleviate psychic tension. In this way, it is similar to also relies on the interpersonal relationship between client and therapist more than other forms of depth psychology.

Psychodynamic theories of personality
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